EWHA WOMAN’S UNIVERSITY. SEOUL.
More than 500 pieces are featured in the collection of the Ewha Woman’s University Museum in Seoul, Korea. Korean Furniture Collection.
Woman’s University Museum in Seoul, Korea. The museum was open on April 6, 1935, as part of the university’s efforts to preserve Korea’s rich cultural heritage.
Paper-covered Box with Cloud Designs in Mother-of-pearl Inlay. Joseon Dynasty 19th century.
Four level book shelf with poem inscription. Oak frame, paulownia front. Joseon Dynasty, 19th century. H. 118,4cm.
Octagonal Hat Case. Joseon Dynasty, 19th century
Two-tier Clothing Chest with tortoise shell design in Mother-of-pearl Inlay. Early 20th century.
Round dining table with openwork design. Joseon, 19th century. Lacquered gingko wood. H. 29,5cm.
Treasure Chest with Ten Longevity Symbols in Mother-of-pearl Inlay. Joseon Dynasty. Early 20th century
Four-tier Shelf. Joseon Dynasty. Late 19th century.
Writing Desk with Calligraphy in Mother-of-pearl Inlay. Joseon Dynasty 19th century.
Three-tier Wardrobe with Decoration in Mother-of-Pearl Inlay. Joseon Dynasty. Early 20th century.
Two level chest. Zelkova wood, yellow brass fittings. Joseon Dynasty, 19th century. H. 134,5cm. Iron and cinnabar lacquers were used to enhance the natural grain of the wood.
Wardrobe Chest. Joseon Dynasty. Late 19th century.
Coin chest. Pine wood, iron fittings. Joseon Dynasty. Late 19th century.
HO-AM ART MUSEUM. SEOUL.
Ho-Am Art Museum opened on April 22, 1982 and this private museum was founded as the permanent home of the Korean traditional works of art collected over a period of about three decades by Lee Byung-chull, the founder of the Samsung Group, whose pseudonym was Hoam.
This three-tiered cabinet has wide front panels and a deep interior, making it easy to insert, store, and remove many large blankets or pieces of clothing. Each section of the compartmentalized front panels is gently rounded and coated with red lacquer to accentuate the grain of the wood. The frames, top panel, and openings are decorated with hinges, locks, and metal fittings, exemplifying the elegant taste of Joseon women.
Bamboo Paper Bin 竹製紙筒 Joseon Dynasty, 19th century. H 16.2cm, D 19.0cm (mouth), 16.2cm (base). Used to store rolls of paper, short paper bins could be set atop a document chest or bookcase. This one is made from seven halved stalks of bamboo, which were joined together in the shape of a flower.
Inkstone Table 硯床 The body of this inkstone table is wood, but the outer layer is bamboo. Symbolizing the noble integrity of the literati, bamboo was a popular material for wood furniture. Joseon Dynasty, 19th century. H 29.3cm, W 45.8×28.3cm.
Tray-Table 朱漆雲龍文虎足盤 Joseon Dynasty, 19th century, H 32.7cm, W 45.7cm. This tray-table is coated with both red and black lacquer, a style that was reserved exclusively for the Joseon royal court
This is a small one-legged dining table. It is assumed that this kind of one-legged dining table was used for a single dish with fruits or a bowl of herbal medicine fluid. Its foot is in the form of a turtle, and the leg is adorned with lotus flower and leaf sculptures. The surface of the top is decorated with mother-of-pearl designs of the patterns of lotus flowers, fish, and turtles. 19th century.
THE LOCK MUSEUM IN SEOUL – 쇳대박물관
The Lock Museum at 100 Ihwajang-gil, Daehakro, Jongno-gu, Seoul. This museum houses a private collection of handmade metal works.
The Lock Museum displays antique locks, keys, and furniture from Korea and other parts of the world. The museum that opened in 2003 features over 4,000 different types of locks.
Locks are practical and functional in protecting gates and the contents of chests and other furniture. The beauty of the design of these antique Korean locks features characteristics of traditional art and are an important part of the cultural heritage of Korea.
Seung Hyo-sang’s Iron Museum
HORIM MUSEUM, SEOUL
Horim Museum is a museum in Seoul, South Korea. The museum was founded by Yun Jang-seob who after setting up the Sungbo Cultural Foundation in July 1981 to purchase antiquities, established the Horim Museum in October 1982 at Daechi-dong, Gangnam-gu by leasing one floor of a building.
Paper box. Joseon 19th century. H. 12,9cm, W. 23,7cm, D. 12,6cm. It is a paper box made of wood and decorated with cut out paper. The main material used was pine. The body was joined together by weaving and wooden pegs were driven in. Noodle-shaped grippers were attached to each corner. A round padlock without any special decorations was attached to the front. On the back, there are two hinges shaped like medicinal fruits. The pattern is heavily decorated with the character “卍”, which means good luck. The contrast between the red background and the black pattern creates a dignified feeling even though it is small in size.
Bandaji, Ganghwa area. 19th century. H. 97,8cm, W. 99cm, D. 48,5cm.
Bandaji. Ganghwa area. 19th century. H. 79,5cm, W. 96cm, D. 51cm.
Bandaji. Pakchon area, Pyongan Do province. 19th century, H. 80cm, W. 98cm, D. 48,2cm.
Bookchest. Jeolla Do province. 19th century. H. 77,7cm, W. 95cm, D. 39,5cm.
JEJU CRAFT MUSEUM
Jeju Gwe (Jeju Bandaji), Zelkova wood, iron fittings. 65,5×30,3×48cm
Pakchong Bandaji, Pine wood, iron fittings. Early 19th-20th century, 93,4×44,2×75,7cm
Ganghwa Bandaji, late 19th-20th century, 86,7×46,5×73,5cm
Gyeonggi Bandaji, Zelkova wood, yellow brass fittings. Early 19th-20th century, 94×42,5×83cm
Jeju Gwe (Bandaji). Zelkova wood, iron fittings. 19th – early 20th century 86 x 44 x 70 cm
Naju Bandaji, Pine wood, iron fittings. Early 19th-20th century, 96,7×45×66,5cm
Three level chest. Pine wood. 19th – early 20th century 120 x 60 x 150 cm
Old box on legs. Pine wood. 96×36,5×51cm
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF KOREA. SEOUL.
National Museum of Korea.
Treasure Najeon Gyeongbox, Buddhist scriptures box. Goryo dynasty. H. 22,6cm, W. 41,9cm, D. 20cm.
This is a case for storing Buddhist scriptures decorated with mother-of-pearl. It is presumed to be a work of the late Goryeo Dynasty. It is in the shape of a rectangular box with each corner of the upper part of the lid trimmed. The main pattern is a peony pattern, and some have horse leaf patterns, tortoiseshell patterns, and yeonju patterns.
Lacquered box covered with mother-of-pearl inlay. Chrysanthemum Vine Pattern. Goryeo dynasty. H. 2,7cm, Lid H. 1,8cm, W. 9,8cm, D. 7cm.
Najeon Ham. Document box. Black lacquer covered with mother-of-pearl inlay. 16th century. W. 46cm, L. 31cm. This box was acquired in an auction by Sotheby’s New York on September 22, 2022 and returned to Korea from early 2023. It was confirmed that the mother-of-pearl box was wrapped in fabric before painting to prevent the wood from being deformed by moisture. This is a technique mainly used when making high-end lacquerware. Various shapes of lotuses are decorated with mother-of-pearl. This mother-of-pearl box is presumed to have been made in the 16th century, judging by the fact that it used the hammering method, in which the mother-of-pearl in a curved state was cut out according to the pattern and then hit with a hammer to make it touch the surface.
Three-level clothing chest. Zelkova wood, yellow brass fittings, oil finish. 19th century. H. 171,1cm, W. 113cm, D. 56cm.
Book chest. Joseon dynasty. H. 138,3cm, L. 27,2cm, W. 66,7cm
Book shelf. Elmwood, paulownia and persimmon woods. Yellow brass fittings. H. 132,8cm, 34cm x 36,4cm.
Book shelf. Elm & paulownia wood. Yellow brass fittings. H. 132,8cm, L. 34cm, W. 36,4cm
Book Shelf. Joseon Dynasty Paulownia wood. H. 178,5cm, W. 65,7cm, D. 31,8cm.
Bookcase. Joseon dynasty Paulownia wood. H. 93cm, W. 69cm, D. 39,8cm. This bookcase consists of an upper shelf whose front is open while its sides and back are closed in; a mid-shelf fitted with two drawers; and a lower shelf with a hinged door to make a cabinet. The legs of the case feature air holes shaped like the wings of a bat. At the center of the door planks is a circular padlock plate engraved with trigram designs. The door planks and the post are connected by swallow-shaped hinges.
Wardrobe, Japanese Colonial Period, Paulownia wood. H. 181,7cm, W. 71cm, D. 45,7cm. This wardrobe is equipped with a clothes rack and has a thin body that makes it look higher than it actually is. The bottom space is for hats and other small articles. Made of empress wood, it is marked by a natural esthetic sensibility and simplicity.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Late 19th century. H. 72,2cm, W. 99cm, D. 46.cm.
Pakchon bandaji. H. 86cm, W. 112cm, D. 51cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Late 19th century. H. 61,5cm, W. 89,2cm, D. 42,7cm.
Bandaji with sticking brass metal work. late 19th century. H. 64cm, W. 90cm, D. 44cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Gangwon Do province. Early 20th century. H. 79cm, W. 93,5cm, D. 39cm.
Two level clothing chest. Elm and paulownia wood, yellow brass fittings. Late 19th century. H. 145cm, W. 110,2cm, D. 52,8cm
Two level clothing chest. Late Joseon dynasty. Mid 19th century. H. 102,8cm, W. 97cm, D. 38,2cm
Shelf. H. 168cm, W. 120cm, D. 47cm
Described as a Morijang or headside chest. H. 96cm, W. 100,5cm, D. 45cm.
Pantry Shelf with three tiers. Japanese Colonial Period, Pine wood. H. 160cm, W. 71,5cm, D. 44,3cm.
Medicine Chest. Japanese Colonial Period, Persimmon wood. H. 121,5cm, W. 129,5cm, D. 35,5cm. This medicine chest has many drawers for containing different kinds of herbal medicines. The panels of the hinged doors at the bottom were made of persimmon wood. Their blackish color contrasts with the dark orange color of the other parts of the chest. An additional leg has been fitted in the middle of the supporting legs, a unique characteristic of furniture made in the late Joseon Period.
Bandaji. Joseon Dynasty, Elm & Pine wood. H. 71,5cm, W. 91,2cm, D. 42cm.
Bandaji. H. 67cm, W. 87cm, D. 43cm.
Floor lamp. Lacquer on wood. 19th century. H. 106,4cm, W. 28,9cm, D. 28,9cm.
Bamboo Headband Case with Grape Design. Wood – Bamboo
Lamp base. H. 33,1cm Base: 20,3cm x 20,3cm.
Korean lamp Overall height 40cm.
Red Lacquered comb box. Red lacquer on wood, yellow brass fittings, oil finish. 19th century. Gyeonggi province.
Cosmetic box – 빗접 H. 29,7cm, W. 23,4cm, D. 32.5cm. This beautiful box called “Pit-Chop” in Korean was used in the woman’s quarter to store small accessories such as combs, brushes, and cosmetic powder. Beautiful woods have been used such as fine-grained zelkova on the front part enhanced by quality yellow brass fittings. Paulownia wood sides and top. This box stands on elegant legs. Origin: Probably Gyeonggi Do Province. Korea.
Lacquer Bamboo inkstone box. Wood and bamboo. Late 19th century. H. 20cm, W. 19,6cm, D. 34,9cm.
Box covered with mother-of-pearl. yellow brass fittings. 19th century. H. 25,8cm, W. 47cm, D. 30,5cm. Traditionally, the patterns of Korean mother-of-pearl lacquerware were objects with specific shapes, and each had its own symbol and meaning. The same was true for letter patterns and geometric patterns. However, in the 19th century of the Joseon Dynasty, a unique method of decorating the entire surface with mother-of-pearl appeared without planning a specific pattern. The entire surface of the box with Taegeuk pattern is covered with mother-of-pearl, and the top of the lid and the front of the body are decorated with Taegeuk patterns made of mother-of-pearl and tortoiseshell to give emphasis.
Inkstone box. Black & red lacquer on wood, Bone, horn and mother-of-pear inlay. 19th century. H. 26,1 cm, W. 35cm, D. 22,6 cm.
Instone stand. Black lacquer on wood. Mother-of-pearl inlay. 19th century. H. 22,8 cm, W. 48,2 cm, D. 30 cm
Bookchest. Original book chests are hard to find nowadays because they were produced in small quantities for an affluent class of the population. Small in size, the front part of this piece of furniture consisted of doors with sometimes a row of drawers on the upper part. The ends of the top panel could be lifted up so that the rolls placed on it would not fall off. They were also shallow (around 35cm) and raised on elegantly decorated legs. Attached photo of a Korean two-level book chest. Height 71cm, Width 96,5cm, Width 34.8cm.
Red lacquer inkstone box. 19th century. H. 27cm, W. 36cm, D. 23cm.
Iron Tobacco Case with Silver Inlay. Joseon Dynasty. Iron, silver. H. 6,7cm, W. 8cm, L. 11,2cm. This box-shaped case was used to store tobacco leaves during the Joseon Period. It features the Ten Symbols of Longevity (i.e., deer, crane, and more) inlaid in silver. The Chinese character “壽,” which stands for longevity, and “福,” representing blessings, are inscribed in the middle of the lid.
Ox-horn Plated Box. Joseon Dynasty. H. 24,3cm, 34,1×21,8cm. Hwagak (華角) refers to a unique type of craftwork made with ox horns that have been cut and flattened into thin, translucent sheets. One side of these sheets would be painted with patterns or images, and then the painted side was attached to a wooden surface as decoration. Since ox horns are usually rather small, dozens of them were required to fully decorate even a small wooden object. Thus, hwagak crafts are known to be very complicated and difficult to produce. However, because of their vibrant, colorful decorative effect, hwagak products were quite popular, especially among women. This box is decorated with an array of plants and animals, including peonies, cranes, tigers, deer, turtles, and carp, as well as images of the Immortal Child (童子), who can be seen riding some of the animals against the bright red backdrop. The theme of the Immortal Child sitting astride an animal comes from Taoism, and was a common trope of hwagak. The top of the lid has a black border, and there is a taegeuk (yin-yang symbol) in each of the four corners. Arch-shaped iron handles are attached to the front and back of the box.
Lunchbox. wood. H. 27.8cm, D. 10.5cm
Dining table. Joseon dynasty. 19th century. H. 26,5cm, D. 36,4cm. This small dining table is decorated with carved cloud and scroll designs on its four legs and twelve-sided top. It is supported by a column shaped like four strings twisted together.
Square Dining Table with Water Chestnut Flower Design. . Joseon dynasty. H. 18,7cm, L. 28cm, W. 17,9cm
Dining table, Joseon Dynasty. Zelkova wood. . H. 28,7cm, D. 43cm
Soban. H. 36 cm, diameter 24 cm. Mother-of-pearl inlay. Lacquer.
The top plate and rim are made in the shape of a lotus leaf, and the leaf veins of the lotus leaf, two turtles, lotus flowers and fish are inlayed with mother-of-pearl.
Table. Wood covered with mother-of-pearl inlay. 19th century. H. 29,4cm, W. 48,8cm, D. 32,4cm.
Black Lacquered Wooden Dodecagonal Tray. H. 13cm, D. 48,3cm
Document box & safe.
Wooden case. . H. 11,2cm, L. 48,3cm, W. 10,7cm
Arm rest. . H. 13,2cm, L. 6,5cm, W. 20,5cm
Arm rest. H. 30,9cm, L. 73,6cm.
Arm rest top view.
Three-tiered Bookcase. Joseon Dynasty. Paulownia wood. H. 133cm. During the Joseon Dynasty, bookcases were essential pieces of furniture for a sarangbang, the special room where the male head of the household would reside, study, and receive male guests. The most prestigious households had separate libraries in which to keep their books, but it was still practical and proper to have a bookcase in the sarangbang for those books that were used most frequently. This particular three-tiered bookcase exudes a simple, austere beauty, exemplifying the design standards of the Joseon era. The doors are made from the wood of the odong tree, which was seared with an iron and then scrubbed with bundles of rice straw. This process, called the nakdong method (烙桐法), removes the soft fibers from the board, leaving only the firm, hard grain of the wood. The technique, which revealed the pristine beauty of the natural wood grain, was primarily used for sarangbang furniture. Although such furniture is obviously manmade, it retains such natural beauty that we can almost feel the breath of the wood. As a central feature of a sarangbang, this type of furniture matches the dignity and nobility of any scholar.
Letter rack. Paulownia wood. Joseon Dynasty. H. 95cm, L. 10,2cm, W. 28,3cm
Ox-horn Plated Brush Container. Joseon Dynasty. H. 12.5cm, W. 20cm. Hwagak refers to a Korean traditional decorative technique whereby ox-horn was flattened into paper-thin half-transparent plates, after which patterns were drawn inside the plates with mineral dye, and then the plates were attached to items made with wood or bamboo. To make this brush container, ox-horn plates were adjusted to fit the size of the container’s faces, and then attached to them. The front and back of the container feature drawings of a pine tree, a magpie, a tiger, bamboo and a crane, while the two sides exhibit a chrysanthemum, a peach, a pine tree and a crane.
Wooden Inkstone Case with Fruit and Tree Design. Joseon Dynasty.
Document box, Joseon Dynasty. H. 5cm, W. 18,1cm, D. 29,3cm. This wooden box was used for storing documents. Steel pieces were used to fix the corners of this box. The shapes of the lid hinges and the lock accessory are unique.
LACQUERED BOX WITH MOTHER-OF-PEARL Joseon Dynasty, wood and mother-of-pearl inlay. 19th century. H. 32,7cm, L. 42,4cm, W. 42cm.
Top part of previous item.
KOREAN DINING TABLE Wood and lacquer. H. 24,7cm, D. 32cm. This table is called a gaedari soban or gujokban, literally meaning ‘a dog-legged dining table’ in Korean, as its legs resemble those of a dog. The center of the top is decorated with the Chinese character “bok” (福, good fortune) inlaid with mother-of-pearl. The character is surrounded by auspicious designs, such as cranes and peaches, encircled with a stripe of a saw tooth design.
This bandaji is made of Zelkova wood and decorated with fine yellow brass fittings. Its overall design is unusual with the bottom compartment including one long drawer and two open spaces. The extended top panel is also uncommon. Dated from the Japanese occupation. H. 62,5cm, W. 100cm, D. 38cm.
Morijang. Could also be used as a document chest. Joseon dynasty. H. 77,2cm, W. 87,3cm, D. 37cm.
Lacquered document box. Bone, Horn and Shell – Lacquerware inlaid with mother-of-pearl.
Lacquered Bookcase (Mungap) with Inlaid Mother-of-pearl Design. Bone, Horn and Shell – Lacquerware inlaid with mother-of-pearl
Lacquered document box decorated with mother-of-pearl. 19th century. H. 23cm, W. 43,3cm, D. 22,8cm
Lacquered document box decorated with mother-of-pearl inlay. 19th century. H. 15,1cm, W. 53cm, D. 15,1cm
Lacquered document box decorated with mother-of-pearl inlay. 19th century. H. 15,8cm, W. 50cm, D. 15,8cm
Small document box decorated with mother-of-pearl inlay. Lotus vine pattern. 19th century. H. 19,4cm, W. 32,1cm, D. 20,9cm
Box. Mother-of-pearl inlay on wood. 19th century. H. 10cm, W. 27,5cm, D. 27,5cm
Box. Mother-of-pearl inlay on wood. 19th century. H. 16,1cm, W. 81,8cm, D. 45,1cm.
Small document box decorated with mother-of-pearl inlay. Late 19th century. H. 5,5cm, W. 18,5cm, D. 18,5cm.
Lacquered box with mother-of-pearl inlay decoration. Floral motif. H. 20,3cm, W. 51,2cm, D. 19,7cm.
Bamboo paper holder. Joseon dynasty. 77,7cm high, 22,4cm wide, 22.0cm wide, 11,2cm long
Mother-of-pearl comb box, Width 27,1cm, Length 25,6cm, Height 27,1cm. A comb is a piece of furniture for women, and is a container for storing cosmetic tools such as combs, hair ornaments, and mirrors, and a toebalnang (退髮囊), an oil paper that collects hair that falls out when combing. It is characterized by having many drawers because of the function of storing small tools separately. This comb consists of three drawers and is painted red as a whole. The front side of the drawer is decorated with mother-of-pearl using the mother-of-pearl technique, befitting female furniture. The patterns of mandarin ducks and peonies seen here symbolize conjugal love, fertility, prosperity, and prosperity, and it is clear at a glance that the comb was a prop for women.
Letter holder. Bamboo. Early 20th century. H. 50,7cm, W. 23,9cm
Ancestor shrine. Stained wood and red lacquer. yellow brass fittings. Late 19th century. H. 62cm, W. 42,2cm, D. 27,3cm
Horn box. Box covered with painted horn. H. 13,2cm, L. 24,3cm, D. 24,3cm.
Lacquered box. Black lacquer with mother-of-pearl inlay. H. 31,9cm, L. 33,7cm, W. 29,6cm.
Hat box. Black lacquer on wood. Mother-of-pear inlay, yellow brass fittings. Late 19th century. H. 26,7cm, diameter 38,8cm
Document box. Black lacquer on wood. Mother-of-pearl inlay. Late 19th century. H. 28,8cm, W. 47,3cm, D. 28cm.
Bookchest. Period: Japanese occupation. H. 112,5cm, W. 89cm, D. 42,5cm.
Korean two level chest. Covered with paper. H. 123,3cm, W. 97,3cm, D. 45,8cm.
Desk. H. 40,8cm, W. 52,6cm, D. 28,3cm.
Small box covered with shagreen. 19th century.
Iron silver inlay pencil case. H. 17,6cm, mouth diameter 7,5cm, bottom diameter 10,1cm. 19th century.
Cosmetic box. Width 23,8cm, Length 23,8cm, Height 21.5cm. A box for storing tools necessary for combing or decorating combed hair. This comb box has long drawers at the top and bottom and two drawers in the middle. The top of the lid divided into a checkerboard pattern and around the drawers are decorated with bands made of white bull horns driven with bamboo nails. The side and back sides are also divided using thin white horns, with flower patterns on the top and phoenix, flowers, deer, pine trees, cranes, plum blossoms, and various flowers symbolizing longevity on the bottom.
Hwagak is a technique of thinly slicing a cow’s horn, making it translucent, drawing a pattern on the inside with mineral pigments, and then adding it to an object made of wood or bamboo to decorate it. Although the production process is complex and difficult, it is widely used in women’s products because of its colorful and strong decorative properties.
Inkstone table. Paulownia wood. H. 26cm, W. 40,4cm, D. 29,8cm.
Headside chest. Pine wood. H. 77,1cm, L. 40,5cm, W. 99,5cm
Ritual Chair. Chair Used for Ancestor Worship. Persimmon wood. H. 123,5cm, 63,2cm x 37,3cm. Called gyoui in Korean, this kind of chair was used to place the mortuary tablet at a ritual of sacrificial offering or a funeral. This black lacquered chair is inscribed with mountains, clouds, and a rising sun on its top rail and has openwork grass and flower designs on its lower part. Each corner of the back support of the chair has been made to look like scrolling vines. Each side and the rear part of the rack where the mortuary tablet used to be placed are adorned with two and three holes resembling elephant eyes.
Medicine chest. Pine and paulownia wood, yellow brass fittings. Late 19th century. H. 90,5cm, W. 96cm, D. 28cm.
Large medicine chest in two sections. H. 137,8cm, W. 123cm, D. 28,6cm.
Woodcarving was rarely used on Korean furniture, if you compare it to their Chinese neighbors. The piece shown in the photo is part of the collection of the National Museum of Korea. It’s a three-level Jang whose front doors are finely decorated with open work. H. 114,5cm, W. 64,3cm, D. 37,3cm. (Photos left & right).
Bandaji. H. 84cm, W. 106cm, D. 43cm.
Bandaji. Gangwha area. H. 59,5cm, W. 71,3cm, D. 40,5cm.
Bandaji. Gyeonggi do province.
Korean pillow. H. 9,1cm, W. 22,7cm, D. 9,1cm
Kitchen chest. Elm & pine wood, iron fittings. H. 164,5cm, W. 103,5cm, D. 42,8cm.
Korean lacquered chest. H. 107cm, W. 72cm, D. 27cm.
Pair of lacquered cabinets with mother-of-pear & wire inlay. Yellow brass fittings.
Korean ancestor table.
Korean seal box. H. 30,8cm, 23,7 cm x 23,7cm.
Bandaji. H. 79cm, W. 182cm, D. 50cm.
Bandaji. Gangwon Do province.
Morijang. H. 106,2cm, W. 108cm, D. 46,7cm.
Book bandaji – 책반닫이 H. 87,5cm, W. 121cm, D. 39cm.
Four-level clothing chest.
Wedding box. Period: Japanese Occupation. H. 33,7cm, W. 63,3cm, D. 34,2cm.
Lacquered box. Joseon Period. H. 10,9cm, W. 33,2cm, D. 15,6cm.
Lacquered box. Joseon Period. H. 10,9cm, W. 33,2cm, D. 15,6cm.
Paper covered box. H. 26,7cm, W. 66cm, D. 39,2cm.
Lacquered box – 나전칠 함 H. 23cm, W. 33,3cm, D. 22cm.
Korean boxes H. 28,2cm, W. 57,4cm, D. 28,9cm. Small box: H. 10,9cm, W. 31,7cm, D. 16,7cm.
Cosmetic box. H. 29,8cm, W. 29,3cm, D. 28cm.
Photos left & right. Cosmetic box. H. 20,2cm, W. 27,1cm, D. 37,9cm.
Document box. Photos left & right.
Korean double box H. 9,1cm, Diameter 8,2cm. Bamboo. Jeonju. Jeolla Do province.
Food box. Lacquer and mother-of-pearl inlay.
Bandaji. Gimhae area, Gyeongsang Do province.
High ceremonial table 향안 H. 46,5cm, W. 46,3cm.
Inkbox H. 29cm, W. 50cm, D. 23cm.
Described as a clothing chest. Period Japanese occupation, early 20th century. H. 121,5cm, W. 88cm, D. 39cm. Also called a Jeongju wardrobe, this chest is from Jeongju city, capital of North Jeolla province
Kitchen shelf. H. 151,3cm, W. 101,8cm, D. 40,7cm.
Morijang. Paulownia wood, iron fittings. H. 70cm, W. 71cm, D. 37cm.
Lacquered box H. 19,5cm, W. 27,9cm, D. 18,8cm.
Morijang. H. 81,5cm, W. 114cm, D. 49cm.
Mirror stand. Goryo dynasty. H. 54,8cm. Metal, iron
Nong. H. 127,5cm, W. 90cm, D. 41cm.
Moongap. H. 36,2cm, W 140cm, D. 20cm.
Nong. H. 150,5cm, W. 98,9cm, D. 47,5cm
Three level chest. zelkova. H. 160.5cm, W. 105.3cm, D. 52.0cm
NATIONAL PALACE MUSEUM OF KOREA.
Royal throne, 1800-1900, from Korea’s Joseon dynasty. The royal throne was constructed of wood and painted red, a color used exclusively by royal court. It was decorated on all surfaces with dragons flying amidst gold clouds. The corners were decorated with carved yellow dragons heads
King Taejo (1392 – 1398)
King Sejong (1418 – 1450)
Medicine chest. H. 138cm, W. 100,5cm, D. 27,4cm.
Nong. Red lacquer on wood, yellow brass fittings. H. 130cm, W. 70cm, D. 35cm.
Two level cabinet. H. 96,4cm, W. 72,6cm, D. 39,6cm.
Ancestor Shrine. H. 60,7cm, W. 37,3cm, D. 19,3cm.
Soban. Red lacquer on wood inlay with mother-of-pearl. H. 39cm, Diameter: 62,8cm
Jang. Red lacquer with mother-of-pearl inlay. H. 150,4cm, W. 86,7cm, D. 45,6cm.
SOOKMYUNG WOMEN’S UNIVERSITY, SEOUL.
Chest on chest with embroidered panels. Korea, 19th century. This embroidered chest is said to have been produced for the garye (wedding) of queen Sunwon, who was the wife of Sunjo, the 23rd king of the Joseon dynasty. The ten traditional symbols of longevity were embroidered on the door and on the lower part of the door, lotus flower and mandarin duck designs were embroidered so as to wish for the couple to be happy and bear many children. Collection: Sookmyung Women’s University Museum, Seoul. Korea.
Red-lacquered case. Korea, 19th century. H. 20cm, W. 27cm, D. 17cm.
Red-lacquered comb box. Korea, 19th century. H. 33,5cm W. 22cm, D. 32,7cm.
Mother-of-pearl comb case. Korea, 19th century. H. 34cm, W. 30cm, D. 29,8cm.
Nong w ith mother-of-pearl pattern. Korea, 19th century. H. 111cm, W. 76,8cm, D. 37cm.
KOREAN COMB CASE. Mother-of-Pearl Comb Case. 19th century. Joseon Dynasty. The wide drawer at the bottom has pictures of clouds, which symbolize longevity, the sun, the turtle, the duck and the kite, which symbolize the happiness of a husband and wife; these are the kinds of things that women were thought to long for.
Bandaji. H. 76cm, W. 83,2cm, D. 39cm.
Pair of black lacquered boxes. H. 24,2cm, W. 68cm, D. 40,5cm.
Document box. H. 6cm, W. 29cm, D. 13,5cm.
Document box. H. 11,7cm, W. 48cm, D. 11,7cm.
Document box covered with stingray skin. Yellow brass fittings. H. 12,4cm, W. 33,6cm, D. 17,3cm.
Inkstone box. Persimmon wood, yellow brass fittings H. 27cm, W. 38,5cm, D. 26,5cm.
Desk. H. 32cm, W. 67,5cm, D. 31,5cm.
Small desk. H. 41,1cm, W. 84,2cm, D. 42,9cm.
Soban. H. 22cm, W. 34,6cm, D. 26,4cm.
Tongyeong soban. H. 26,5cm, W. 42cm, D. 34cm.
Tongyeong soban. H. 27,8cm, W. 50,4cm, D. 37,4cm.
LINKS: Korean Symbols of Wishes
The Past and Present of Korean Embroidery- Sookmyung Women’s University Museum
GYEONGGI PROVINCE MUSEUM.
GyeongGi Provincial Museum has six permanent exhibition spaces and one special exhibition space. Permanent exhibition halls include a hall of GyeongGi-do history, as well as halls for archaeology, art, documentary materials, folk customs, and a hall for donated relics. Each exhibition space describes the history and culture of Korea, including GyeongGi-do, through a variety of artifacts, including porcelain, literature, costumes excavated from ancient tombs, calligraphic paintings, and folk crafts.
Gyeonggi Province Museum.
In the style of Baekgol Soban, the entire soban, made of pine, was painted with vermilion. The top plate has 12 angles, resembling a Hojokban (虎足盤). The top plate is adorned with two phoenixes, their wings outstretched. Surrounding the beacon fire and the frame, it is finished with two twisted copper wires and a Taegeuk pattern crafted from fish skin. On the lower side of the top plate, a floral pattern was placed, along with a Taegeuk pattern made from fish skin and a Bagua pattern. This piece dates back to the late 19th century, with dimensions of H 41,4 cm and a diameter of 65 cm.
It is an octagonal pencil case in which Hongsong is painted. The rim was added with ivory and was fixed with 16 bamboo nails. Dragons, haetae, turtles, and giraffes were prominently decorated on the body, and clouds, flowers, grass, and rocks were arranged around the body. The lower part was separately made of wood and fixed with 8 bamboo nails. It is a work that shows bright colors and sophisticated workmanship. 19th century, H. 13,3cm, Diameter. 13,5cm
Box. 19th century. H. 15cm, W. 22,7cm
Left and right. As Hongsong was decorated with a flower angle, patterns such as animals, birds, trees, and flowers were arranged in a variety of ways. The lid is divided into four parts and decorated with a phoenix and a crane facing each other diagonally. The body is divided into 12 parts and patterns are put in, and the front extension is made of tin feldspar. The inside is covered with paper, there is a lid, and the angles of the four corners are preserved.
Bandaji. Pine wood, white brass fittings. Gaesong style.
Yak Jang – Medicine cabinet. Joseon Dynasty 19th century. Pine, paulownia and elm wood. H. 162cm, W. 108cm The shape of the outer thread under the top plate and the base plate at the bottom of the medicine cabinet, wind hole, foot tube, and foot stand show the characteristics of the Gyeonggi medicine chest. The aggregate and top plate are made of pine, and paulownia wood is used for the side panels, back plate and inside of drawers. In the middle of the left and right side panels, two concave irons were placed, and the irons of the rear panels were treated with a straight line. Overall, it is a two-tier structure, and at the bottom, a door plate was made like a wardrobe, and four drawers were separately placed in it. In particular, all the handles of the drawers are decorated with abalone shells, which is very luxurious. Judging from its sophisticated elegance, it is presumed to be for the royal court.
Two level chest. Joseon Dynasty, 19th century. H. 113cm, W. 81 cm. The pillars and aggregate are made of cedar wood, the inside of the drawer is made of zelkova wood, and the side panels and back plate are made of pine. Two drawers were made under the top plate, and a metal box was placed under the upper and lower door plates. The handle of the drawer is in the shape of a bat, and the circular hinge is attached with feldspar brass. The ear ornaments on the front are decorated with the Chinese character 卍 and the herb of immortality on the two ears of the top plate and the middle and lower parts. Both the front and side of the legs had bat blood.
Wardrobe. Joseon Dynasty, 19th century. As a wardrobe that shows the characteristics of Seoul and Gyeonggi-do, it took the style of adding iron wood to the bottom of the door plate. The side panels are paulownia wood, the pillars are pear wood, the back panel is pine wood, and the fittings are made of brass. A middle barrier was placed at the bottom of the upper door plate, and four rooms were installed in three places, top, middle, and bottom, and long horizontal timbers were installed. Bamboo is engraved on the upper door panel, and the phrase ‘回烘春色成和气風弄花香作瑞烟’ is written between them, and on the lower door panel, ‘出連城重’
Small cabinet. Joseon Dynasty, 19th century. H. 91cm, W. 48cm. Fine hemp was applied to the pine tree, and black lacquer was applied on it, and daemo, fish skin, mother-of-pearl, etc. were splendidly decorated. At the lower part of the front and on the side, a scene of two dragons fighting over Yeouiju in a clouded sky is placed, and grass and insect patterns are decorated in a balanced manner in between. Others decorated grass and insect patterns with mother-of-pearl on top of black lacquer. Considering its elegance and sophistication, it is presumed to be for the royal court.
Soban. Joseon Dynasty Early 19th century H. 34,5cm, Diameter. 68,6cm. It is a noble family class with the shape of a typical royal court table. The top board was made by attaching two boards in a circle and painted with vivid vermilion paint, and the back side of the board was painted black
Document box. Joseon Dynasty 19th century H. 26,5cm, W. 75cm, D. 40,3 cm. It is a box decorated with mother-of-pearl and black lacquer in Hongsong. Mother-of-pearl is decorated on the lid and all four sides except for the bottom
Chair. Joseon Dynasty 1668 (10th year of King Hyeonjong) Chair: H. 91cm, Cane: 190cm, Treasure No. 930. This is a gift bestowed by Hyeonjong to Yeongjungchubusa (領中樞府事) Lee Gyeong-seok (1595-1671). A large ark of this size follows the precedent in which the king bestowed a chair, staff, or palanquin upon a minister over 70 years of age who wished to resign from the government post. The ark can be unfolded as needed, and the seat is woven in an X shape by twisting twine. The godae that leans on the back is a stump, and the surface of the backrest is covered with birch bark. All of the canes have four points, and the part that touches the ground is decorated with square iron. In particular, the head of the joduhyeong cane is fitted with a carved duck, and a small sprinkler is attached to the end. The cane with the sprinkler attached not only functions as a practical farming tool, but also symbolizes a head basketball that is authoritative enough to be bestowed on high-ranking officials.
SEOUL MUSEUM OF HISTORY.
The Seoul Museum of History (Korean: 서울역사박물관) is a history museum located at Sinmunno 1-ga, Jongno District, Seoul, South Korea.
Ganghwa Bandaji H. 76,4cm, W. 95,8cm, D. 49,2cm. This chest is woven with dowels to give it a solid feel. The front of the lock is in the shape of a gourd with the character ‘卍 (man)’ pierced through it, and the belly button decoration is also in the shape of ‘卍 (man)’. Each corner has a burnt ear ornament.
Pyeongsang, Korean day bed. H. 44cm, W. 206cm, D. 106cm. Pyeongsang is a piece of furniture for sitting or lying down. There is a bed placed in a room for sleeping and a garden floor placed in a yard or yard for people to sit or sit on. During the Joseon Dynasty, it was widely used in royal palaces and houses of grandparents.
Document box H. 11,7cm, W. 60cm, D. 39cm. Paulownia wood, yellow brass fittings. Because of its small size, it was often used on top of other furniture and was also used for decoration.
Bandaji. Zelkova wood, iron and yellow brass fittings. H. 78,5cm, W. 86,5cm, D. 42,6cm.
Bookshelf. Dark stain on red pine wood, iron fittings. One long drawer on the top. H. 90,5cm, W. 98cm, D. 44cm.
Comb box. H. 17,9cm, W. 27,7cm, D. 29cm.
Small rectangular wooden box used to store small accessories. often used by the groom’s side at the time of marriage to send it to the bride’s side with a chaedan (skirt and jeogori) and wedding paper. H. 13,8cm, W. 44,6cm, D. 14cm.
Small rectangular wooden box. Same usage as the previous item. H. 14 cm, W. 51,8cm, D. 15,1cm
Wooden box. H. 29,9cm, W. 22,5cm, D. 23,6cm.
Mother-of-pearl box H. 28,2 cm, W. 49cm, D. 28cm. This mother-of-pearl box is decorated with bamboo, pine, plum, and peach blossoms. On the back side, the character ‘壽’ is engraved.
Red lacquer jewelry & comb box with yellow brass fittings. H. 26cm, W. 24,2cm, D. 45cm.
Four-level Bookcase H. 189cm, W. 85,7cm, D. 47,4cm. This bookcase is made of elm and paulownia wood. With a four-story structure, the storage space can be opened and closed by attaching doors on both sides.
Three level bookshelf. Elm & paulownia wood, yellow brass fittings. H. 161cm, W 55cm, D. 44,2cm.
Small desk. Gyeongsang 경상. H. 31,1cm, W. 72,2cm, D. 31,9cm.
Small desk Gyeongsang 경상. H. 26,5 cm, W. 59,2cm, D. 28,5cm. A shelf or drawer was attached under the top plate, and a straight and flat top plate was regarded as high class. This Seoan has a scroll panel on both sides, with drawers with engraved Yeouidu pattern.
Seoan is a flat top furniture used for reading books or writing in the living room. H. 36,1cm, W. 135,3cm, D. 40,3cm.
Coin chest. Red pine wood, iron fittings. H. 42cm, W. 88cm, D. 41,5cm.
Coin chest. Pine wood. H. 24cm, W. 50cm, D. 27cm.
Three level Kitchen cabinet with open space and a closed middle section with lattice doors. H. 149,2cm, W. 97cm, D. 44,5cm.
Three level clothing cabinet “Jang”. H. 166cm, W. 101,6cm, D. 50,2cm.
Seoan. H. 36,1cm, W. 135,3cm, D. 40,3cm. Seoan is a small furniture used for reading books. According to the place and purpose, a short one is used for reading and a long one is used for writing on a scroll. This Seoan has a simple form without any decorations There are four drawers, each with a copper plate and a ring attached to it, making it easy to open and close.
Mungap H. 30,6cm, W. 67,8cm, D. 29cm. Mungap is a stationery chest used to store important documents. Made of paulownia wood, its legs are rolled inward.
Ssangmungap. H. 32,7cm, W. 206cm, D. 29,8cm. Moongap is a low cabinet used to store various for stationery and documents. Bamboo with paulownia wood.
Mungap H. 35,7cm. W. 84,4cm, D. 30,8cm. Mungap is an abbreviation for stationery. This small chest has 8 inner drawers in three stages, and the positions are indicated by writing ‘left’, ‘middle’, and ‘right’ in ink on the inner bottom of the drawer, and there is no drawer in the center. . The door is made of three plates and has a round metal lock in the center.
Mother-of-pearl black lacquerware. H. 28,6cm, W. 42,3cm, D. 28,2cm. Table for storing inkstones with a bottom drawer where brushes and paper were stored.
Yeonsang is a piece of stationery furniture that is used to store stationery. H. 26cm, W. 45cm, D. 24,2cm.
Wooden hanging letter rack. H. 69.6cm, W. 13,3cm, D. 6,7cm.
“Gobi” is the korean name for a wooden hanging letter rack. This item was used to insert and store letters or simple paper rolls. H. 65,3cm, W. 16,4cm, D. 6,2cm.
Wooden box with iron fittings. H.40cm, Diameter 27cm.
Kitchen shelf. H. 143,5cm, W. 113,5cm, D. 31,3cm. Pine wood.
Storage chest with top shelf. The chest has been used as a multipurpose piece of furniture to store grain, ritual objects, books, cloth, and other objects. Their size varies from small (about 30cm) to large (about 2-3m). The structure of the furniture is the same as that of Bandaji, but because the door has to be opened upward, it is shorter and the decoration is simpler than that of Bandaji. H. 50,3cm, W. 109,4cm. Total H. 99,5cm.
Two level chest is a piece of furniture for storing clothes and is usually placed in the master bedroom. H. 131,3cm, W. 108,2cm, D. 53cm.
Uigori Jang. This wardrobe is a two-story cabinet that can be separated from the top floor and the bottom floor to store clothes. Silk was attached to the inside of the closet. On the upper floor, a door is attached to the front to create a space for hanging clothes, and there are five living rooms above and below it. Gorgeous peonies and leaves were pierced at the door. There is also a storage space for clothes downstairs, and there is a door with a peony flower pierced [透刻].
Safe. H. 42,5 cm, W. 69,3cm, D. 30,5cm. This small chest was used to store important documents in noble’s houses in the late Joseon dynasty.
Morijang H. 93,9 cm, W. 83,3cm, D. 49,3cm. It has a door in the center and drawers for storing small items at the top. Zelkova and pine wood. The hinged door has a fish-shaped lock on the circular front. There are four swallow-shaped hinges, and the characters 福 (fortune) and 壽 (su) are engraved on them. There are flower-shaped ear ornaments on the left and right sides of the door. The legs have a bar between them and are shaped like “dog legs”(狗足).
Two-story bookshelf H. 85,9cm, W. 107,2cm, D. 35,3cm. This bookshelf was made of paulownia wood to prevent diseases and pests, making it strong enough to hold heavy books. This bookshelf has a roll top plate attached to the top plate, and the upper and lower floors are connected by hinged hinges. In the middle of the stay, Yeouidoumun (如意頭文) is engrave.
Bookcase H. 36,1 cm, W. 89,6cm, D. 36,8cm. The chest has been used as a multi-purpose piece of furniture to store grain, ceremonies, books, cloths, and other items. This bookcase has a space for storing books under the drawer on the second floor.
Seoan is a flat-seat type furniture used in the living room for reading books or writing. Depending on the location and purpose, the shorter one is used for reading, and a longer one is used when writing on a scroll. H. 40,3cm, W. 135,3cm, D. 36,1cm.
NATIONAL FOLK MUSEUM OF KOREA.
Excellent collection of scholar chests such as Mungap or stationary small chests and small desks.
Mungap. Persimmon wood, yellow brass fittings
Small desk. Gyeongsang 경상. With two small drawers on the top over a large drawer.
Mungap. Zelkova wood, yellow brass fittings.
Mungap. A piece of furniture for storing documents and stationery. Persimmon wood, yellow brass fittings
Mungap. Zelkova & oak wood, persimmon front panel, yellow brass fittings.
Mungap. A piece of furniture used to store documents, stationery, Persimmon wood (front) 4 drawers and 2 storage spaces. The surface is lacquered.
Mungap. Legs connected to a cuboid body with one drawer under a rectangular top plate. The bat-shaped decoration has the character ‘卍’ openwork and a key hole. The surface is painted except for the inside of the drawer and the part where the drawer fits.
Mungap. Furniture for storing documents, stationery, small items, etc. There is a drawer with a bat-shaped handle in the center of each side, and there are small drawers above and below it. There is a door in the center that can be opened and closed with a padlock. Although persimmon wood was used throughout, the top and back are made of paulownia wood. Legs are recent.
Mungap. Zelkova wood. A structure in which half is opened with a sliding door and then the whole is opened with a hinged door. Colored paper is pasted inside. The Taegeuk pattern is engraved on the front of the leg
Mungap. Elm and persimmon wood, yellow brass fittings.
Ancestor chair. H. 133cm, W. 83cm, D. 56,5cm.
Ancestor chair. H. 119cm, W. 41cm, D. 25,5cm.
Ancestor chair. Paulownia wood.
Installation for ancestor rite.
Bandaji. H. 77cm, W. 89cm, D. 44cm.
Bandaji. Kaeson area. H. 77cm, W. 96cm, D. 43cm.
Bandaji. Zelkova wood, brass & iron fittings.
Ancestor shrine. H. 119cm, W. 81,5cm, D. 13,5cm.
PAST EXHIBITION AT THE BONA JEWELRY MUSEUM.
192-10, Gwanhun-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
Bobbin Bobbin Inlaid with Lacquer and Mother of Pearl. Bobbin Inlaid refers to the wooden side where the thread is wound for convenient and clean use. The shapes of these failures are rectangular, cylindrical, and cross-shaped, and are decorated with flowers, trees, and house patterns. The upper classes of Joseon used bobbins made of mother-of-pearl lacquerware or mother-of-pearl. (螺鈿絲牌/Late Joseon Dynasty)
Lacquered Comb Box Inlaid with Mother of Pearl A box for storing hairdressing tools such as combs and combs . The front of the box has two layers of drawers, with one drawer at the top and two drawers at the bottom. In the center of the lid, a circular ‘Su(壽)’ character was placed, and bats were decorated around it. A lotus flower and two pairs of ducks are concisely expressed on the lower part of the front side, and the middle part is divided into four circles, and the inside is decorated with the designation of the character ‘fortune’. Both sides of the panel are simply decorated with plum blossoms. (螺鈿梳函/Late Joseon Dynasty)
Red Lacquered Document Box It is a classic style with a flat top lid that opens about 2/3 of the height compared to the size of the Red Lacquered Document Box . This flat type document box is suitable for carrying documents as it is convenient to put it in a pocket and hang it over the saddle or carry it next to it, and it is also easy to store under the doorstep or other places. The large, semi-circular noodle-shaped geomeol-catcher jangseok that holds the bottom plate and top plate together gives solidity and reliability. There are ear-covered feldspars on the four corners of the lid and thin and long garnish feldspars on the four corners. The built-in lock on the front is not a safety device, but rather a decoration that prevents the lid from opening, and is mainly used for small boxes. (Zhu 漆書類函/Late Joseon Dynasty)
Lacquered Wooden Pillow inlaid with Mother of Pearl Lacquered Wooden Pillow Inlaid with Mother of Pearl was made functionally by installing a drawer inside to store items. (螺鈿退枕/Late Joseon Dynasty)
Lacquered document box with mother-of-pearl inlay.
Lacquered Box Inlaid with Mother of Pearl The front of the ship was decorated with mother-of-pearl elaborately and densely so that the background of the box could not be seen. A striking technique in which the mother-of-pearl is bent with a hammer so that it touches the surface of the box is used, and it is a representative work of mother-of-pearl warships in the 19th century (螺鈿函/late Joseon Dynasty)
Lacquered Box Inlaid with Mother of Pearl Peony arabesque door fills the front of the box. The inside of the lid is also decorated with mother-of-pearl in the same pattern. The peony pattern is expressed in three types: a fully open figure, a bud with calyx, and a small bud. It seems to have been used by the upper class during the Joseon Dynasty to store combs and clothing items. (螺鈿牡丹唐草文箱子/17th century)
Lacquered Sewing Box Inlaid with Mother of Pearl A sewing box is an item that stores sewing tools such as bobbins, thimbles, needle pouches, and rulers, or contains sewing materials. The outer part of the sewing kit is decorated with the character of Bokbok (壽福字) and lightning patterns, and the inner bottom is decorated with a dragon pattern. In contrast to the designs of common sewing kits, carp symbolizing success in life, fish and flowers symbolizing fertility, this sewing kit has a dragon pattern as its central composition, and it is believed to have been used by a very high class. (螺鈿龍文縫函/Late Joseon Dynasty)
Korean tray. lacquered.
Red Lacquered Box Inlaid with Mother of Pearl. The patterns of deer, pine trees, mushrooms, and turtles are applied to each side of the lacquered box . The seam of each side is decorated with mandu-type geomeol-jab stones at regular intervals, giving a sense of balance and reliability. The four corners are decorated with straw ear wraps with butterfly fire, and bow derailers with chrysanthemum bows are attached to the left and right sides of the box. A chrysanthemum gwangdujeong was applied to the lower part of the derailleur, and a yakgwa-type lock was used. *Purple lacquer (朱漆) Ju lacquer is a painting method that produces a red color by mixing a kind of paint called 朱 with paint materials in the painting process of traditional crafts. It was used for cabinets, chests, seals, and chests for court use, and was forbidden in private houses. Occasionally, it was used for household items of noble families. (螺鈿朱漆長生文函/Late Joseon Dynasty)
MUSEUMS IN GYEONGGI DO PROVINCE.
Shrine. H. 72,5cm, W. 42,4cm, D. 23,5cm. Collection: Seoul National University Museum.
Mandarin cabinet. H. 136cm, W. 96cm, D. 53,5cm. Collection: Seoul National University Museum.
Box. H. 15,7cm, W. 45,8cm, D. 13,2cm. Collection: Seoul National University Museum.
Bandaji. H. 114cm, W. 84cm, D. 53cm. Collection: Seoul National University Museum.
Shelf. H. 169cm, W. 46,5cm, D. 33cm. Collection: Seoul National University Museum.
Three level chest. Collection: Seoul National University Museum.
Seal box covered with galuchat. H. 24cm, 21,5 x 21,5cm. Collection: Dongguk University.
Document box. H. 32cm, W. 71cm, D. 41cm. Collection: Dongguk University.
Bandaji. Gyeonggi University Plastic Museum. Gyeonggi do
Rice chest. Hongik University Museum
HEOJUN MUSEUM. 87 Heojun-ro, Gangseo-gu, Seoul.
Medicine box. H. 21cm, W. 25cm, D. 20cm.
Medicine box. H. 22,8cm, W. 35,5cm, D. 17,3cm.
Gyeonggi do medicine chest. H. 113cm, W. 96cm, D. 30cm.
Medicine chest. H. 105cm, W. 67,5cm, D. 21cm.
Medicine chest. H. 89cm, W. 92cm, D. 21cm.
Medicine chest. H. 104cm, W. 145cm, D. 27,5cm.
BUPYEONG HISTORY MUSEUM. 151 Gulpo-ro, Bupyeong-gu, Incheon.
Ancestor shrine & chair. H. 125cm, W. 57,5cm, D. 31cm. Table: H. 55,7cm, W. 48cm, D. 37,7cm.
Palanquin. H. 104cm, W 79,5cm, D. 96cm.
Bandaji. H. 76cm, W. 88cm, D. 40cm.
Bandaji. Jeolla Do province. H. 76cm, W. 88cm, D. 40cm.
Bandaji. Pyongyang style. H. 101,5cm, W. 97,5cm, D. 46cm.
Bandaji. H. 99cm, W. 111cm, D. 46cm.
Bandaji. Jeolla Do province. H. 102cm, W. 111cm, D. 49cm.
Bandaji. H. 70cm, W. 83cm, D. 38,5cm.
Bandaji. Jeolla Do province. H. 80,5cm, W. 106cm, D. 46cm.
Bandaji. H. 86cm, W. 82,5cm, D. 38,5cm.
Bandaji. Jeolla Do province. H. 82cm, W. 107cm, D. 45cm.
Bandaji. Jeolla Do province. H. 91,5cm, W. 106,5cm, D. 46cm.
Wooden box. H. 39cm, W. 61cm, D. 41cm.
Comb box. H. 31,5cm, W. 28cm, D. 28cm.
Nong. H. 135cm, W. 86cm, D. 37,5cm.
Three level clothing chest. H. 152cm, W. 90cm, D. 41cm.
Korean rice chest. H. 73cm, W. 84cm, D. 61cm.
Korean rice chest. H. 86cm, W. 94cm, D. 63cm.
Korean rice chest. H. 91cm, W. 92cm, D. 55cm.
Korean wedding box. H. 28cm, W. 56,5cm, D. 28cm.
Ancestor shrine. H. 27cm, W. 35cm, D. 24cm.
Desk. Pine wood, yellow brass fittings. H. 29cm, W. 55cm, D. 30cm.
Nong. H.133cm, W. 89cm, D. 37cm.
Nong. H. 125cm, W. 82cm, D. 40,5cm.
Morijang. H. 90cm, W. 102cm, D. 47cm.
EUNPYEONG HISTORY HANOK MUSEUM. 8 Yeonseo-ro 50-gil, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul,
Bandaji. H. 74,5cm, W. 86,5cm, D. 40cm.
Bookchest. H. 62,3cm, W. 87cm, D. 40cm.
Box. Covered with rattan. H. 17cm, W. 39cm, D. 17cm.
Coin chest. Zelkova wood, iron fittings. H. 55cm, W. 105cm, D. 55cm.
Comb box. Red lacquer, brass fittings. H. 26,8cm, W. 21,8cm, D. 33cm.
Desk. H. 31,3cm, W. 79,6cm, D. 31,2cm.
Inkstone box. Surface covered with carved stars & deer pattern. H. 25cm, W 45cm, D. 25cm.
Inkstone box . H. 21,4cm, W. 29,4cm, D. 19,9cm.
Wooden box. Black lacquer decorated with mother-of-pearl inlay. H. 28cm, W. 47cm, D. 27cm.
Korean medicine box. Zelkova, yellow brass fittings. H. 13,5cm, W. 25cm, D. 13,5cm.
Two level mungap or stationery chest. H. 119cm, W. 85,4cm, D. 30,2cm.
Safe. H. 32,4cm, W. 40,7cm, D. 29,5cm.
Ancestor shrine. H. 67cm, W. 50,3cm, D. 30cm.
HWASEONG CITY HISTORY MUSEUM. 화성시 역사박물관. 96 Haengjeongdong-ro, Hyangnam-eup, Hwaseong-si,
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings, Gyeongsang Do province.
Tree level clothing chest – Jang. Elm & pine wood, yellow brass fittings, Gyeonggi Do province.
Bookchest. Pine wood.
Inkstone box. Persimmon wood.
Inkstone box. H. 29,4cm, W. 20,7cm, D. 37cm.
Mungap. Elm & persimmon wood, yellow brass fittings.
Palanquin. H. 107cm, W. 97cm, D. 80cm.
Red lacquer box.
Paper covered box.
MUSEUMS IN GYEONGSANG DO PROVINCE.
NAMGARAM MUSEUM. Jinju-si, Gyeongsangnam-do
A varied and very interesting collection. High-quality furniture, with particular attention paid to a large number of boxes used by the nobility. Gyeongsang Do, in the south of the peninsula, was a particularly wealthy province and an important center of furniture production.
Morijang. This cabinet is made of zelkova tree, pear tree, and paulownia tree. The storage space consists of a double door and drawers. Beautifully patterned zelkova wood was used symmetrically in all parts, including the front door panel, frame, and drawers. Pear wood was used for the top panel and paulownia wood for the side panels. H. 84cm, W. 94,3cm, D. 44cm
Pair of wooden boxes. Pine wood, white brass fittings. H. 30cm, W. 42cm, D. 43cm
“Nong” or stackable clothing chest. Carved wood with chrysanthemum flower patterns which are placed symmetrically. H. 124cm, W. 83cm, D. 39cm
Small desk. 경상. Pine wood. The top with a scroll-shaped top that is rolled up at both ends is called “Gyeongsang”, and the top with a straight top is called “Seoan”. “Ansangmun” is engraved on the panel of the two upper drawers, and “Yeouidomun” is engraved on the panel of the lower part. H. 37cm, W. 41cm, D. 34cm.
Octagonal hat box. Black lacquer with mother-of-pearl inlay. White brass fittings. H. 28cm, W. 32cm, D. 33cm.
Seal box. H. 17,2cm, W. 13cm, D. 13,2cm.
Document box – 서류함. H. 10cm, W. 45cm, D. 10cm.
Palanquin called Sa-in-gyo in korean and refers to a palanquin carried by four people, two each at the front and back. It is mainly used for weddings, and the bride and groom sometimes ride horses, but most of them ride on palanquins. The bride’s palanquin was painted or decorated with tassels, decorated with white cloth, and a tiger skin was placed on the palanquin to ward off evil spirits. H. 126cm, W. 90cm, D. 111cm.
Haeju soban. H. 13,5cm, W. 19,8cm, D. 13,8cm, H 27,2cm, W. 42,4cm, D. 32,1cm. Haejuban: The top plate is rectangular and has a round corner shape. . It has a gentle curved shape, the character ‘卍’ is engraved on both legs Haejuban is from the Haeju region of Hwanghae Province.
Half moon soban. H. 27,3cm, W. 50cm, D. 33,5cm, H. 28,5cm, W. 50,5cm, D. 33,5cm. The top plate is semicircular. This design was mainly produced in the Jeolla region.
Hojokban. The legs of the table were sleek and looked like the legs of a tiger. The entire surface was lacquered. H. 29,2cm, Diameter 36,5cm.
Hojokban. H. 22,5cm, Diameter 35,5cm, H. 21cm, Diameter 35cm. On both, The entire surface is lacquered.
Octagonal box. H. 12,7cm, W. 16,4cm, D. 17,1cm.
Mother-of-pearl lacquerware dressing box. This rectangular-shaped mirror is designed to be used by opening the lid and tilting the mirror up at an angle. The box is decorated with a hexagonal tortoiseshell pattern and has various shapes such as fish, peaches, bamboo, and cranes with broken and lined patterns. H. 14,4cm, W. 26,5cm, D. 19,7cm.
Mirror box. 경대 A dressing box is a wooden piece of furniture that stores cosmetics, makeup tools, combs, and decorative items such as hairpins. It is also called Janggyeong (粧鏡) or Jangyeom (粧奩). H. 12,2cm, W. 15cm, D. 20,8cm.
Comb box. 빗접. Cranes and flower patterns were engraved around the character ‘壽’ at the top, and elements that appear in Jangsaengdo (pine tree, roe deer, phoenix, bamboo, etc.) patterns were engraved around it. It has a turtle-shaped lock. H. 31cm, W. 29cm, D. 27cm.
Desk, 경상. Gyeongsang was originally used in temples, and the scroll ears serve to prevent the Avatamsaka Sutra or the Lotus Sutra, which are bound in a roll or fold, from falling off both ends when unfolded. The Yeouido gate is engraved on the front. H. 29cm, W. 73cm, D. 31cm.
Coin chest. H. 54cm, W. 56cm, D. 88cm.
Wooden painted swastika armrest. H. 23cm, W. 23cm, D 78cm.
Octagonal box. 팔각함. H. 23cm, W. 30cm, D. 30cm. Those boxes could be used to store hats or other small fabrics. It also served as a decoration when placed on top of large furniture.
Octagonal box. 팔각함. H. 20cm, W. 22cm, D. 22cm.
Octagonal box. 팔각함. H. 28cm, W. 31cm, D. 31cm.
Stationary box – 문갑. Mother-of-pearl patterns of flowers, butterflies, turtles, and birds were inlaid on the entire surface. Such boxes were generally placed in the space below the window and used to store important documents. The brass fitting motif at the center of the door plate is a pattern often used on furniture made in the early 20th century. H. 37cm, W. 86cm, D. 29cm.
Comb box – 빗접. The crane pattern was engraved around the character ‘壽’ in the upper part, and the elements that appear in Jangsaengdo (pine tree, roe deer, phoenix, bamboo, etc.) were engraved around it. It has a turtle-shaped lock. H. 31cm, W. 31cm, D. 30cm.
Tongyeong soban – 통영반. H. 27~28cm, W. 43~50cm, D. 33~39cm.
Naju soban – 나주반. Ginkgo wood. H. 28cm, W. 53cm, D. 40cm, H. 22cm, W. 38cm, D. 29cm.
Two level bookchest – 이층책장. Pine body, Ginkgo wood front. Yeouidumun motif is engraved on the facade while Ansangmun motif is engraved under both door. Carved bamboo-shaped legs. H. 93cm, W. 98cm, D. 48cm.
Nong or stackable clothing chest – 이층농. This chest is decorated with mother-of-pearl, sea turtle shell, shark skin, and metal wire inlay. H. 101,7cm, W. 80,6cm, D. 39cm.
Nong or stackable clothing chest – 이층농. The top of each door is decorated with a flying bat pattern, with two hinged doors in the middle, and a landscape pattern created using the cutting technique of the late Joseon Dynasty. H. 113cm, W. 80cm, D. 40cm.
Comb box – 빗접. Mother-of-pearl on black lacquer. Yellow brass fittings. H. 33cm, W. 29cm, D. 29cm.
Kitchen chest – 찬장. Three level chest made of pine wood. All door handles are made of wood. Access to each level by sliding doors. Chungcheong-do province. H. 181cm, W. 184cm, D. 73cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Jeolla Do province. H. 101cm, W. 125cm, D. 53cm.
Sung Sun I Bandaji – 숭숭이 반닫이. Zelkova wood. iron fittings. H. 81,5cm, W. 82cm, D. 39cm.
Mirror box. Black & red lacquer decorated with mother-of-pearl inlay. White brass fittings. H. 24cm, W. 25cm, D. 36cm.
Haeju soban. H. 28cm, W. 45cm, D. 34cm
Gimhae Bandaji. This is a Gyeongsang-do bandaji made in Gimhae area from zelkova wood . The front lock plate has a typical swallowtail design engraved with schematic forms such as a swastika or geometric patterns. The four ears of the door plate have flower-shaped ear decorations. The entire metalwork plates was engraved with a schematic swastika (卍) character and geometric patterns. H. 51cm, W. 90cm, D. 44cm.
Jinju Bandaji. From Jinju area in Gyeongsang do province, this chest is made of pine wood. The characteristic features of Bandaji from the Jinju area of are the cicada-shaped hinges and a button-shaped puller decoration on a diamond-shaped background. The large front lock plate is of rectangular shape and the four large fittings in the shape of a cicada. H. 78cm, W. 114cm, D. 51cm.
Comb box – 빗접. Mother-of-pearl inlay on black lacquer. White brass fittings. H. 31cm, W. 31cm, D. 30cm.
Small square -사각함.
Mirror box. H. 25cm, W. 23cm, D. 29cm.
Small square box. Ginkgo and persimmon wood, white brass fittings. H. 32cm, W. 31cm, D. 31cm.
Small square box. Paulownia wood, yellow brass fittings. H. 27cm, W. 27cm, D. 27cm.
Cosmetic box. Black lacquer with mother-of-pearl inlay. Yellow brass fittings. H. 26cm, W. 23cm, D. 36cm.
Comb box. Black lacquer on wood with mother-of-pearl inlay. Yellow brass fittings. H. 24cm, W. 27cm, D. 25cm
Octagonal box. H. 23cm, W. 28cm, D. 28cm.
Three level clothing cabinet. Elm, persimmon & paulownia wood, yellow brass fittings. Gyeonggi do province. H. 154cm, W. 100cm, D. 46cm.
Kitchen chest. Elm wood, iron fittings. Gyeonggi do province. H. 167cm, W. 121cm, D. 48cm.
Korean lacquered table with mother-of-pearl motifs. This table is dated from the 20th century. H. 36cm, W. 130cm, D. 93cm.
Day bed. Pine wood. W. 181cm, D. 89cm
Korean bandaji. H. 73cm, W. 86cm, D. 40cm.
Coin chest. Pine wood, iron fittings, Jeolla Do province. H. 49cm, W. 118cm, D. 48cm.
Bandaji. Red pine wood, iron fittings. H. 50cm, W. 84cm, D. 41cm.
Coin chest. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 58cm, W. 131cm, D. 58cm.
Coin chest. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 90cm, W. 172cm, D. 89cm.
Medicine cabinet – 약장. H. 185cm.
Three level chest. H. 119cm, W. 97cm, D. 42cm. This chest used to belong to a wealthy family, probably made in Gyeonggi Do province.
Shelf. probably pine wood. H. 154cm, W. 84cm, D. 29cm.
Soban. H. 29cm, W. 53cm, D. 40cm.
Bandaji. Red pine wood, iron fittings. Ganghwa island. H. 57cm, W. 64cm, D. 53cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Jeolla Do province. H. 72cm, W. 105cm, D. 44cm.
Medicine cabinet. H. 103cm, W. 102cm, D. 25cm.
Medicine cabinet. Gyeonggi province. H. 103cm, W. 102cm, D. 25cm.
Bandaji. Red pine wood, iron fittings. Gyeonggi province. H. 66cm, W. 111cm, D. 40cm.
Bandaji. H. 69cm, W. 103cm, D. 53cm.
Small desk – 서안. Seoan refers to a low desk with a flat top panel. In Chinese characters, it is also called Giseosang (書牀). H. 31cm, W. 64cm, D. 30cm.
Coin chest. Elm wood, iron fittings. H. 40cm, W. 81cm, D. 38cm.
Three level chest. H. 146cm, W. 111cm, D. 51cm.
Nong or stackable clothing chest – 이층농 Elm & persimmon wood, yellow brass fittings. H. 118cm, W. 82cm, D. 41cm.
Bandaji. From Yangsan city 양산 in Gyeongsang Do province. Splendid openwork metal decoration typical of the area. H. 69cm, W. 97cm, D. 39cm.
Small desk called Gyeongsang – 경상 as both ends of the top panel are rolled up. H. 96cm, W. 92cm, D. 44cm.
Octagonal soban called Hojokban. H. 25cm, W. 44cm, H. 24cm, W. 42cm.
Bandaji from Pyongyang area. Stained linden wood. Yellow brass fittings. H. 96cm, W. 92cm, D. 44cm.
Hojokban – 호족반. H. 45cm, W. 101cm, D. 69cm.
Coin chest. Elm wood, iron fittings. Jeolla province. H. 39cm, W. 107cm, D. 45cm.
Hojokban. H. 28~29cm, W. 45~46cm.
Hojokban. H. 28~29cm, W. 34~45cm.
Three level clothing cabinet. Mother-of-pearl on lacquer. Yellow brass fittings. H. 151cm, W. 99cm, D. 49cm.
Day bed – 평상. The entire surface was lacquered. H. 60cm, W. 207cm, D. 102cm
Pyongyang Bandaji. 평양 반닫이. H. 106cm, W. 102cm, D. 47,2cm.
Palanquin – 사인교. H. 117cm, W. 87cm, D. 106cm.
불연 Palanquin used for funerals ceremonies. H. 89cm, W. 86cm, D. 88cm.
불연 Palanquin used for funerals ceremonies. H. 89cm, W. 88cm, D. 86cm.
Document box. H. 19,9cm, W. 63cm, D. 36,6cm.
Document box. H. 25,3cm, W. 67,8cm, D. 24,9cm.
Floor lamp. H. 71,7cm, W. 27,5cm, D. 27,5cm.
MIRIBEOL FOLK MUSEUM. 439, Chodongjungang-ro, Chodong-myeon, Miryang, Gyeongsangnam-do 50455.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 41cm, W. 64,7cm, D. 31,6cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 50cm, W. 79,5cm, D. 36,7cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 52,5cm W. 69,2cm, D. 27,5cm.
Bandaji. H. 54cm, W. 98cm, D. 45cm.
Bandaji. Zelkova, iron fittings. H. 56cm, W. 92,5cm, D. 45,5cm.
Bandaji. Zelkova, iron fittings. H. 74cm, W. 99cm, D. 46,5cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 81cm, W. 98,5cm, D. 48cm.
Bandaji. H. 76cm, W. 84cm, D. 40cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 82cm, W. 99cm, D. 49cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 82cm, W. 99cm, D. 49cm.
Morijang. H. 95,2cm, W. 97,6cm, D. 47cm.
Nong. H. 99cm, W. 62,4cm, D. 33cm.
Three level chest. H. 155,6cm, W. 90cm, D. 44,8cm.
Palanquin. H. 124cm, W. 153cm, D. 76cm.
Nong. Paulownia wood, iron fittings. H. 122cm, W. 78,8cm, D. 40cm.
Gyeonggi Do Bandaji. Elm wood, yellow brass fittings.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings.
. BUSAN MUSEUM
63 UN pyeonghwa-ro, Nam-gu, Busan, South Korea.
MUSEUMS IN GANGWON DO PROVINCE.
JOSEON MINHWA MUSEUM. 432-10 Gimsatgat-ro, Gimsatgat-myeon, Yeongwol-gun, Gangwon-do.
Two level bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings, Gangwon Do province.
Sung Sun I Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Pyongan Do province.
Bookchest. Pine wood, iron fittings, Gyeonggi Do province.
SOKCHO CITY MUSEUM. 16 Sinheung 2-gil, Sokcho-si, Gangwon-do.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 58,8cm, W. 78,5cm, D. 28,4cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Hwanghae Do province. H 66,7cm W. 99,3cm, D. 51,3cm.
Two-level bandaji. Gangwon Do province. H. 84,5cm, W. 92cm, D. 44,7cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Gangwon Do province.
Pakchon bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. Pyongan Do province. H. 67cm, W. 79cm, D. 44cm.
MUSEUMS IN CHUNGCHEONG DO PROVINCE.
YETTEO FOLK MUSEUM. 321-35, Sannae-ro, Dong-gu, Daejeon.
Bandaji. Chungcheong Do province.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 69,8cm, W. 92cm, D. 46cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 57cm, W. 81,5cm, D. 42,7cm.
Bandaji. H. 71,2cm, W. 89cm, D. 43,6cm.
Bandaji. H. 40,5cm, W. 53,8cm, D. 29,2cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 87,5cm, W. 91cm, D. 34cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 54,6cm, W. 85,1cm, D. 42,7cm.
Bandaji. H. 82,3cm, W. 98,1cm, D. 44,8cm.
Bandaji. “Sung Sun I Style” Pyongan Do province. Pine wood, iron fittings. H.95,5cm, W. 101,6cm, D. 50,4cm.
Bandaji. H. 58cm, W. 73,2cm, D. 37,5cm.
Bandaji. H. 57,1cm, W. 71,9cm, D. 37cm.
Bandaji. Gyeonggi do province. H. 63cm, W. 88,7cm, D. 40,3cm.
Bandaji. H. 63,8cm, W. 88,8cm, D. 44,3cm.
Bandaji. Jeolla Do province. H. 66cm, W. 95,3cm, D. 38,2cm.
Bandaji. H. 80,9cm, W. 88cm, D. 42,2cm.
Bandaji. Pine wood, iron fittings. H. 71,9cm, W. 90,3cm, D. 34,4cm.
Bandaji. H. 73,1cm, W. 89cm, D. 38cm.
Bandaji. H. 57cm, W. 81,5cm, D. 42,7cm.
Bandaji. Pyongyang style. H. 83,4cm, W. 88,7cm, D. 43,2cm.
Bandaji. Pyongyang style. H. 88,7cm, W. 89,5cm, D. 45cm.
Bandaji. H. 109,7cm, W. 83,8cm, D. 37,7cm.